Home    Files PDF Version

software times™  Files...
February 17, 2002

Business Intelligence

We live in the Information Age but for information to be useful it has to be converted into intelligence. Take, for example, daily stock quotes, they are information but, in its raw form, of not much use to anyone. Convert the stock quotes into a chart and now you have investing intelligence. Add moving averages and the information becomes more meaningful, more useful for making buy, sell or hold decisions. The business of Business Intelligence is to convert raw data into intelligence that can be used to make sound management decisions.

Investment in software tools for BI will continue to climb. BI was a US$3.6 billion market in 2000 according to International Data Corp., which predicts that even with an economic slow down, revenue from BI software will grow at a rate of 27% per year to US$12 billion by 2005.
InfoSystems Executive, November 2001, Vol. 6 No. 11
This looks like an exciting growth industry to invested in. The question is, which companies will be the winners?

According to Software Magazine, there are 19 companies in the Business Intelligence business but NetGenesis has been merged into SPSS leaving only 18. Of these 18, 7 are privately held leaving 11 that are of interest for the individual investor. The top 5 companies had between them 72% market share which means that the trailing 6 are of no special interest for us unless you know something that no one else knows.

Ticker Company Revenue
% Market Share
HYSL Hyperion Solutions Corp. 498,507 20.9
COGN** Cognos Inc. 492,613 20.7
BOBJ** Business Objects S.A. 415,794 17.4
MSTR MicroStrategy Inc. 188,026 7.9
BRIO Brio Technology, Inc. 129,655 5.4
  Others 660,737 27.7
Total* 2,385,332 100.0

* The revenues for the top 5 companies are taken from their SEC filings. COGN's latest quarter ended 11/30/2001. Total Revenue is taken from Software Magazine and I don't know if it refers to the calendar year 2001. If not, there could be some distortions in the market share figures but they are close enough for our purposes.

** COGN and BOBJ have been gaining market share while the others have been losing it. BOBJ has been outpacing COGN. In PR releases, Cognos calls itself THE leading provider of business intelligence and, indeed, it has outsold Hyperion over the last two quarters.

COGN and BOBJ are the only two of the top 5 companies that have been consistently profitable. BOBJ has been profitable for at least the last 16 quarter while COGN has been profitable for 14 of the last 15 quarters -- they had a loss during the quarter ended 5/31/01.

From the above I deduce that this is really a two horse race between COGN and BOBJ unless the other ones shape up.

Revenue growth

Cognos Business Objects
Quarter Revenue % Growth Y/Y Quarter Revenue % Growth Y/Y
      3/31/98 34,566  
5/31/98 67,309   6/30/98 39,552  
8/31/98 70,583   9/30/98 41,257  
11/30/98 76,308   12/31/98 51,520  
2/28/99 86,925   3/31/99 49,508 43.2
5/31/99 81,645 21.3 6/30/99 57,543 45.5
8/31/99 88,128 24.9 9/30/99 59,766 44.9
11/30/99 97,753 28.1 12/31/99 74,826 45.2
2/28/00 118,114 35.9 3/31/00 72,582 46.6
5/31/00 108,698 33.1 6/30/00 84,553 46.9
8/31/00 118,213 34.1 9/30/00 86,005 43.9
11/30/00 124,638 27.5 12/31/00 105,794 41.4
2/28/01 144,103 22.0 3/31/01 98,278 35.4
5/31/01 108,016 -0.6 6/30/01 101,505 20.0
8/31/01 116,313 -1.6 9/30/01 99,200 15.3
11/30/01 124,181 -0.4 12/31/01 116,811 10.4

Not quite tornado growth but certainly impressive in a deflationary recession.


Revenue latest quarter (000) 124,181 124,181 116,811 116,811 116,637 43,235 28,210
Estimated net profit margin 12.5% 12.5% 10.0% 10.0% 4.0% 4.0% 4.0%
Estimated first year growth rate (*) 25% 20% 35% 25% 0% 0% 0%
Shares outstanding (millions) 87.3 87.3 61.7 61.7 32.8 92.6 29.8
Recent price 29.45 29.45 39.59 39.59 21.99 3.23 2.69
P/S 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 1.5 1.7 0.7
Calculated fair value 41.25 33.5 65.84 43.92 17.48 2.29 4.65
P/S 7.2 5.9 8.7 5.8 1.2 1.2 1.2
Market Cap (000) 3,601.1 2,924.4 4,062.6 2,709.9 573.3 212.5 138.7
Delta (red = overvalued) 1.4 1.1 1.7 1.1 0.8 0.7 1.7
Growth 1st 10 years   The growth rate shown is for the first year only. During the following years the growth rate is gradually reduced so that by the 11th year it is the number show below.

I believe that I am using conservative growth figures. IDC predicts that revenue from BI software will grow at a rate of 27% per year for the next 4 years
Growth next 10 years 10% This growth rate is maintained for years 11 to 20. After that the model has no further cash flows.
30 yr Treasury 5.5% Discount rate used to bring future cash flows to present value.

Cognos Inc.

The Cognos Inc. web site does such a good job of explaining what they do that it is not worth while for me to repeat it here. Please visit their web site for complete information. This company has 19 thousand customers in 120 countries and their products are distributed by 3,000 worldwide partners and resellers. They leverage off their customer's success to sell to new customers, what I used to call marketing by name dropping, it works extremely well.

Business Objects S.A.

The Business Objects S.A. web site home page locks you into a few choices and it does not let you explore the site. To go where you want to go you have to click on the Site Map first. A truly strange web design.

Once you get past this initial difficulty you discover that Business Objects probably has fewer customers than Cognos but many of them are Fortune 100 companies. This could be the reason why Business Objects is growing revenues faster than Cognos.


I cannot find a reason to recommend one company over the other. Cognos is slightly ahead in revenues but Business Objects is growing faster.

The one point of difference seems to be the way they extract data from the application software databases. From Yahoo's Expanded Business Description for Cognos:

Unlike solutions provided by other business intelligence vendors, the Company's EBI Platform has the ability to create and manage a data mart from an existing database. This data mart creation capability is packaged as Cognos DecisionStream. The Company's solution is optimized for modeling, transforming, and creating high-speed, scalable business intelligence data marts that have embedded knowledge of the business intelligence applications they will serve, thereby enabling faster deployment and user acceptance of these applications.

Cognos adds the following:
Cognos DecisionStream is comprised of a Windows-based dimensional design environment, and a multi-platform, server-based ETL (Extraction, Transformation, and Load) engine with native support for all major relational databases. The design environment's intuitive graphical interface makes defining and implementing transformation processes easy, while the high-performance transformation engine processes large volumes of data quickly.
On the other hand, Business Objects solves the problem in a different manner, with what they call a Semantic layer. Unfortunately, their web site is so badly organized that I can't find a reference to it. The job of the semantic layer is to hide the complexity of the underlying database structure from the user.

Following the rules of The Gorilla Game, we should buy a basket of players which in this case translates, IMO, into buying Cognos and Business Objects. The other players are losing money and that is something that I don't find attractive!

"Demand creates queues. Supply gets rid of them."

Home    Files Top
Copyright © Software Times, 2000, 2001, 2003. All rights reserved
Last updated June 22, 2003